A new petition on the UK parliament website calls for a reform of the permanent residence certification system. The certification can be requested by citizens of the European Economic Area (EEA) to prove their right to live in Britain on a permanent basis. Since November 2015 it is also a requirement to apply for British citizenship.
The petition was initiated by Claudia Holmes, a British-Italian who sought support from migration lawyers to help EU nationals keep their rights to live and work in the UK after Brexit.
EEA nationals (those from EU countries plus Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway) can obtain the permanent residence card after 5 years living in the UK. Holmes and lawyers found however that the current system discriminates against several groups of residents, as well as their non-EEA spouses and civil partners. Their petition aims to solve the problem.
They ask in particular to scrap the Comprehensive Sickness Insurance requirement for EEA students, homemakers, carers, retired and disabled people or self-sufficient applicants. In essence, all those who are not actively contributing to the British health system through a job or self-employment need to have a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) or a private insurance policy to access the National Health Service. But many are not aware about this obligation, nor that their application to obtain permanent residence can be rejected because of it.
The petition also aims to protect categories who could be denied the certification with the result of discriminating against many families and individuals. In this regard, it proposes that British spouses and civil partners are considered as sponsors for their companions, and parents and carers of British citizens (especially children) are granted permanent residence automatically.
There is also a call to allow EU nationals, their spouses and children who have lived in the UK for less than 5 years at the time of Brexit to complete their journey towards permanent residence. Finally, petitioners want permanent residence, which is now linked to EU treaties, to be protected under UK law after the country leaves the European Union.
“The objective of the petition is to cover the gaps of the existing legislation and to avoid unnecessary risks for EEA nationals after Brexit merely on the basis of administrative requirements,” says Holmes. “The cases examined by migration lawyers show that students, self-sufficient residents, spouses and civil partners of people working in the UK are the most exposed categories.”
Ever since the EU referendum, the number of applications for permanent residency by EU nationals has increased dramatically. According to data published by the Press Association, 7,307 certifications were granted in the second quarter of 2016, the highest quarterly amount since the collection of data started, in 2006. The total for the first half of the year was 12,503, compared to 4,569 in the same period of 2015.
The Migration Observatory at the University of Oxford recently found that up to 84% of EU citizens in Britain could be eligible for permanent residence after Brexit, based on when they arrived in the country. But this will depend on whether they meet all requirements.
Permanent residence for EEA nationals is the equivalent of the indefinite leave to remain for non-EEA citizens. Rules in this regard have been amended several times. The most recent changes were made on November 2nd and will affect applications from 1st February 2017. Changes include the introduction of a new verification process for the Home Office to check whether an EEA national or family member qualifies for residence, the requirement to apply through a pre-defined form rather than by letter, the possibility to appeal against rejection from outside the country and the abolition of the right of appeal for extended family members.
Another petition by Italy-born Federica Massagrande calls for a simplified fast-track process to naturalise EU citizens resident in the UK for more than 5 years. The current system penalises mixed EU-UK families, claims the petitioner. “There are almost three millions EU citizens residing in the UK. Many have settled and created families with British citizens. The split of the UK from the EU will put the status of these people at risk because of the length, complexity and cost of the naturalisation process,” says the petition. “A fast track process will also ease the pressure on the naturalisation office given the expected surge in applications from EU nationals.”
Claudia Delpero © All rights reserved.
Photo: Portobello Road market, London, 2005. By Adrian Pingstone via Wikimedia Commons.
The article was updated to include all categories for which the petition asks to scrap Comprehensive Sickness Insurance.